Foreign Investment in Latin America And the Caribbean 2005 by United Nations

By United Nations

In 2005, overseas direct funding inflows to Latin the USA and the Caribbean amounted to over US$ sixty eight billion, nearly eleven% greater than in 2004. those inflows vastly exceed the figures recorded among 2001 and 2003, yet they nonetheless fall in need of the volumes saw throughout the FDI growth of the past due Nineteen Nineties. The area additionally maintains to determine its proportion in global flows decline, which means that it has but to achieve its real capability for attracting such funding. luck in profiting from FDI and the presence of transnational agencies relies, to a wide quantity, at the quantity of neighborhood businesses' absorptive potential. This year's record presents an in depth research of the aggressive positions and internationalization strategies of a big variety of rising Latin American transnational agencies.

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Such agencies are working in an increasingly competitive international environment, in which they need to become "professional sales machines for their country or region" (MIGNGDP Global, 2005). The countries of the region are no exception in this regard. Indeed, 30 of the region's 33 States have now set up IPAs or equivalent institutions to centralize their promotion activities. Nevertheless, compared to the policies implemented by developed countries, economies in transition (such as Hungary and the Czech Republic) and the developing Asian countries (namely Singapore, Republic of Korea, China, Malaysia and Thailand), the efforts made in the Latin American and Caribbean countries have been weaker in terms of definition of explicit policies, integration with other development policies, promotion exercises, facilitation mechanisms and targeting of activities.

Stronger economic growth and domestic demand within the region has also contributed to this upturn. With respect to the ownership of companies, the most noteworthy feature in 2004 was the sharp rise in sales of private local firms (37%), while State-owned enterprises, especially petroleum companies, saw their sales expand by 27%. The sales of foreign private enterprises were up by 19%. Bearing in mind the growth rates in the region, the first thing these data show is activity becoming more concentrated among larger firms, as a result of corporate expansions, mergers and acquisitions.

Petrobras), which accounted for more than 16% of sales of the 500 top companies in Latin Foreign investment in Latin America and the Caribbean 2005 America and the Caribbean in 2004. Other major Stateowned corporations in this sector, with combined sales of approximately US$15 billion, are Corporaci6n del Cobre (Codelco) of Chile, Empresa Colombiana de Petr6leos (Ecopetrol),Empresa Nacional de Petr6leo (Enap) of Chile and Empresa Estatal Petrdeos del Ecuador (Petroecuador). Private companies with a similar level of sales include the privatized former State enterprise Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (CVRD) of Brazil, Companhia Brasileira de Petroleo Ipiranga, also of Brazil, Grupo Mkxico and a number of foreign firms, including Repsol-YPF of Spain, Royal DutchIShell of the Netherlands and ExxonMobil of the United States.

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