Emigrants and Society: Extremadura and America in the by Ida Altman

By Ida Altman

The hole of the recent international to Spanish payment had greater than the constrained impression on participants and society which students have characteristically granted it. Many households and younger unmarried humans left the neighboring towns of C?ceres and Trujillo within the Extremadura area of southwestern Spain for the Indies. through retaining ties with domestic and each other, and infrequently returning, those emigrants constructed styles of involvement that on one point have been associated on to fatherland and on one other might come to signify the emigration flow as a complete. Ida Altman exhibits that the Indies may and did have a considerable and perceptible impression on neighborhood society in Spain, because the New global fast grew to become an enormous area of job for individuals looking new and higher possibilities. Her findings recommend attention-grabbing conclusions in regards to the dating of sixteenth-century Spanish emigration to the bigger move of individuals from Europe to the Western Hemisphere nowa days.

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Merino sheep introduced from North Africa made local stockraising increasingly viable and lucrative, and the incorporation of Extremadura and Andalusia into Castile opened the green winter pastures of the south to the transhumant stockraisers of the north. A degree of prosperity, the routes of the transhumant herders (cañadas), and Extremadura's location between Castile-León and Andalusia brought people through and to the region. Cáceres and Trujillo expanded rapidly beyond their old walls. They became centers for commerce and industry as well as agriculture and supported a growing religious establishment.

Local Society in Northern Extremadura 14 II. Nobles and Hidalgos 44 III. Commoners, Clergy, and Professionals 88 IV. Family, Kinship, and Society 126 V. The Movement to the New World 165 VI. Extremeños in the New World 210 VII. Return Migration 247 VIII. Conclusion 275 Notes 285 Glossary 345 Bibliography 353 Index 363 Page vii Acknowledgments Research and writing to a great extent were made possible by funding from the Commission for Educational and Cultural Exchange between Spain and the United States, for dissertation research in 19781979 and postdoctoral work in 1985, and from the University of New Orleans in the summers of 1984 and 1987.

Long a poor and isolated region, Extremadura has received only sporadic attention from historians. Although recently the situation has begun to improve,10 the gaps and limitations that characterize the region's historical literature mean that initiating and carrying out research on a particular place and time can be difficult. I did not find for Cáceres the kind of solid local history that scholars of other cities often produced in the nineteenth and earlier twentieth centuries, although the works of Miguel Muñoz de San Pedro (the Count of Canilleros), many of them biographical, shed much light on the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

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