DPs: Europe's Displaced Persons, 1945-51 by Mark Wyman

By Mark Wyman

"Wyman has written a hugely readable account of the stream of numerous ethnic and cultural teams of Europe's displaced folks, 1945–1951. An research of the social, fiscal, and political situations during which relocation, resettlement, and repatriation of hundreds of thousands of individuals happened, this learn is both a research in international relations, in diplomacy, and in social historical past. . . . A brilliant and compassionate activity of the occasions and situations in which displaced individuals stumbled on themselves, of the options and potential in which humans survived or didn't, and an account of the main powers in accordance with an remarkable human drawback mark this as an incredible book."―Choice

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2 In areas left behind by the fleeing refugees , however, the celebra­ tions were mainly confined to Allied bases. No shouts of exhilara­ tion broke the eerie silence of the bombed-out cities , many of which had virtually lost their identities. " Pforzheim doesn't exist anymore, " a traveler reported incredulously as he entered a familiar area in Germany. 3 Cologne's cathedral could still be viewed from afar, but persons nearing the city center found only a " white sea of rubble, faceles s and featureless in the bright sunlight, " like " the sprawling skeleton of a giant animal.

Now German sol­ diers patrolled, forbidding people to speak Sloven ian, placing schools under Nazi control, and expelling many persons to other areas. Krim's wife was assigned to work in Germany ; he would not see her again for four years. In other regions , thousands were shifted to different communities , and Yugoslavia's age-old ethnic rivalries raged anew, especially the Croat-Serb bitterness. Blood flowed, with fighting between the Croatian U stashi and their rivals especially violent ; Jews were driven away and many persons were ripped from their homes in Macedonia (an area Hitler had promised to Bulgaria).

A Soviet military official arrived and appointed various Rus sian refugees to leadership posts , so that U NRRA orders would be followed through a chain of command. Children now ran eagerly to school each morning at the sound of the bell (wearing red kerchiefs fashioned from Nazi flags) ; 40 DP: E UROPE'S DISPLACED PERSONS the camp soccer team practiced daily, proud of its 1 to 1 tie with an RAF unit ; and enough milk was obtained to provide children with half a liter per day. Lethargy was no longer so evident.

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