By C. Cindy Fan
China at the circulation bargains a brand new and extra thorough rationalization of migration, which integrates wisdom from geography, inhabitants stories, sociology and politics; to assist us comprehend the methods of social, political, and fiscal switch linked to strong migration streams so necessary to chinese language improvement. utilizing a wide physique of study, transparent and engaging illustrations (maps, tables, and charts) of findings in keeping with census, survey and box information, and chosen qualitative fabric comparable to migrants’ narratives, this ebook offers an up to date, systematic, empirically wealthy, multifaceted and energetic research of migration in China.
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Extra info for China on the Move: Migration, the State, and the Household (Routledge Studies in Human Geography)
Suffice it to say that the place of registration (or hukou location) is considered to be where one belongs and where one is eligible for state-sponsored benefits (such as housing and health care in urban areas and access to farmland in rural areas). Until the mid-1980s, it was extremely difficult for rural Chinese to survive in cities because they did not have access to the necessities of life in cities, which were available only to urban residents (those who had urban hukou). The hukou system, therefore, kept rural–urban migration to a minimum.
The persistence of migration streams also highlights the role of networks among migrants. The volume and spatial patterns of migration, as illustrated in this chapter, directly inform this book’s arguments about the state and the household. The increased magnitude and importance of temporary migrants, most of whom are rural–urban migrants, reinforces the centrality of the hukou system and the peasant household for understanding mobility in China. Chapter 3 examines in detail the hukou system and its implications for temporary migration and Chapter 4 focuses on types and processes of migration in relation to hukou.
Goldstein and Goldstein 1991; Goldstein and Guo 1992; Yang 2006; Yang and Guo 1996). In brief, permanent migrants are primarily those sponsored by the state and/or more skilled and highly educated, while temporary migrants are self-initiated, market-driven migrants and are mostly of lower socioeconomic statuses. In Chapter 4, I shall discuss in greater detail how permanent migrants and temporary migrants differ. 2). In the late 1980s, therefore, permanent migration was still a dominant component of population movements in China.