At War's End: Building Peace after Civil Conflict by Roland Paris

By Roland Paris

Exploring the problem of rehabilitating nations after civil wars, this examine reveals that trying to rework war-shattered states into liberal democracies with marketplace economies can backfire badly. Roland Paris contends that the fast advent of democracy and capitalism within the absence of powerful associations can bring up instead of reduce the chance of renewed struggling with. A more advantageous method of post-conflict peacebuilding will be to introduce political and financial reform in a gentle and regulated demeanour.

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90 Ibid. See, in particular, n. 13 on p. 71. Diamond 1995, p. 13. Cited in Nelson and Eglinton 1992, p. 16. See also Nelson and Eglinton 1996, pp. 170– 172. Diamond 1995, p. 13. See Uvin 1993; Robinson 1993; Leftwich 1993; Baylies 1995; Islam and Morrison 1996; Forsythe 1996; Selbervik 1997; Commins 1997; and Blair 1997. 96 In the final years of the twentieth century, however, a new class of international nongovernmental actors gained prominence – the so-called democracy NGOs – based primarily in the United States and in other Western democracies.

55 Kopstein and Reilly 2000. 56 European Union 2001. Ibid. European Union 2000a. European Union 2000b. For more on the division of institutional responsibilities in the Kosovo operation, see Chapter 10. Since 1999, the EU’s activities in the Balkans have been guided in part by the provisions of the Stability Pact for South East Europe, which include the goals of democratization and marketization in Bosnia and Kosovo (see Bartlett and Samardˇzija 2000). xml CY338/Paris 0521834120 The Origins of Peacebuilding March 5, 2004 8:37 27 stringent conditions on states with which it negotiates commercial agreements.

UNDP 1997, pp. 2–3. Cheema 1999. UNDP 2000a. For an overview of the UNDP’s role in promoting democracy in peacebuilding operations, see Santiso 2002. 44 Annan 2000. Boutros-Ghali 1996, para. 21. See also Boutros-Ghali 1994. xml CY338/Paris 0521834120 The Origins of Peacebuilding March 5, 2004 8:37 25 Cold War. ”45 Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe A similar evolution took place in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. ”46 This meant that all forms of government – both democratic and nondemocratic – enjoyed equal legitimacy within the organization.

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